Nikolai Rukavishnikov is a cosmonaut who was born on September 18, 1932, in
Rukavishnikov became a cosmonaut in 1967. He has spent over 240 hours in space
on 3 spaceflights. In 1971, Rukavishnikov flew aboard Soyuz 10. The spacecraft
had technical problems and had to return to Earth.
In 1974, he flew aboard Soyuz 16. This was a full-scale dress rehearsal for the
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. In 1979, Rukavishnikov flew aboard Soyuz 33. The
crew was forced to return to Earth due to technical problems.
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