The Milky Way Galaxy - Our Home
The Milky Way is the spiral
galaxy we call home, as do roughly 100 billion other stars. It
looks very much like other spiral galaxies when viewed from above.
There are spiral arms and a nucleus. The Sun can be found rather far
from the center of the Galaxy, halfway to the edge of visible matter
along the Orion spiral arm. The Sun is revolving at a speed of
half a million miles per hour around the center of the Galaxy, yet it
will still take 200 million years for it to go around once.
Radio observations of gas in our Galaxy reveal that the gas is feeling
the gravitational effect of matter far beyond the edge of the visible
Galaxy. Astronomers call this material dark matter, since
electromagnetic radiation from it is not currently detectable at any
A galaxy like the Milky Way as viewed from the top, and the
actual Milky Way as viewed in the infrared
Click on top image for diagram (276K JPEG)
Click on bottom image for diagram (204K JPEG)
European Southern Observatory & NASA COBE Project
Like other spiral galaxies, the Milky Way has a bulge, a disk, and a
halo. Although all are parts of the same galaxy, each contains
different types of objects. The central bulge contains old stars, the
halo houses globular
clusters and dark matter, and the disk is filled with gas, dust,
and young stars. Our Sun is itself a fairly young star at only 5
billion years old. The Milky Way is at least 5 billion years older
than that. The ages of globular clusters suggest that it may be
closer to 10 billion years older.
Recent observations of the numbers and distributions of stars in the
Galaxy suggest that it may have a bar!
Questions and answers about the Milky Way
A Matter of Scale - interactive showing the sizes of things, from very tiny to huge - from NSF
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The Summer 2010 issue of The Earth Scientist
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, includes articles on rivers and snow, classroom planetariums, satellites and oceanography, hands-on astronomy, and global warming.
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