A cartoon drawing of what Hale might have looked like as he gazed through his telescope.
George Hale was an American astronomer born in 1868. He grew up in a
wealthy family and had always been interested in science and the
. When George was young, his father even built him his own
observatory in his backyard.
After attending college, he volunteered at
Harvard College's Observatory. While working at the observatory, he
invented an instrument called the spectrohelioscope. A spectrohelioscope is a
combination of a telescope and a spectroscope, and it is used to measure
the chemicals that compose planets and stars.
George Hale then set up
many observatories across the nation, including the Yerkes Observatory in
Wisconsin and the Mt. Wilson Observatory in California. Hale is also
known for creating the field of Astrophysics. In the early 1900, he asked
Andrew Carnegie for research money to analyze planets and stars from both
astronomical and physical perspectives. From this research, George Hale
became one of the pioneers of Astrophysics. George Hale passed away in
Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store!
Our online store
on science education, classroom activities in The Earth Scientist
specimens, and educational games
You might also be interested in:
How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. Although evolution provides credible and reliable answers, polls show that many people turn away from science, seeking other explanations with which they are more comfortable....more
The pinpoints of light that you see in the night sky are stars. Your ability to see the stars depends on their magnitude as seen from Earth. Stars are giant balls of gas in space that shine through the...more
Florence Bascom (1862-1945) was one of the first female geologists in the United States and her colleagues regarded her as one of the nation’s most important geologists. In 1896 she was the first woman...more
Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who lived between 1885-1962. He investigated atomic structure, modifying Rutherford's old model of an atom by confining electrons to orbits of specific radii. Bohr also...more
Marie Curie was a physicist and chemist who lived between 1867-1934. She contributed greatly to our understanding of radioactivity and the effects of x-rays. She was born Maria Skłodowska in Warsaw,...more
Albert Einstein was a German physicist who lived between 1879-1955. His special and general theories of relativity, theory of Brownian motion, work in quantum physics, statistical mechanics, and on the...more
Robert Goddard was an American physicist who lived between 1882-1945. He was a pioneer of modern rocketry who discovered that liquid fuel is more efficient than solid fuel. Although Goddard's first rocket...more
Werner Heisenberg was a German physicist who lived between 1901-1976. He developed new theories in quantum mechanics which agreed with the results of previous experiments. Heisenberg is most famous for...more